482 and 494 visa – What are the main differences?
482 and 494 visa – The Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage visa (‘482 visa’) and the subclass 494 Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (Provisional) visa (‘494 visa’) are both employer sponsored visas.
The 494 visa is intended for visa applicants who wish to live, work and study in a designated regional area in Australia (excluding Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane) whereas the 482 visa is not restricted to a particular location within Australia.
482 and 494 visa – Occupation eligibility
An applicant is eligible for the 482 visa if their occupation falls on the Short-term Skilled Occupations List (STSOL), Medium to Long Term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) or 482 Regional Occupations List (ROL).
Occupations that are on the 482 STSOL do not offer a pathway to permanent residency.
An applicant may be eligible for the 494 visa if their occupation falls on the Medium to Long Term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) or the 494 ROL. The 494 ROL encompasses a broader range of occupations and also includes occupations that are on the 482 STSOL.
482 and 494 visa – Pathways to permanent residency
For the 482 visa, there are pathways to permanent residency through the Subclass 186 visa after either:
(a) completing 3 years’ full time employment with the sponsor or
(b) obtaining a positive skills assessment and providing evidence of 3 years’ work experience. Both ways require the employer’s support.
For the 494 visa, after 3 years’ full time employment the visa holder can apply for access to permanent residency through the Subclass 191 without employer support.
There are restrictions for 494 visa holders in applying for other permanent visas (such as the Subclass 820, 124, 132, 186, 188, 189, 190 and 858 visas) unless they have held the 494 visa for at least 3 years. However, there are no restrictions for 482 visa holders to access other permanent visas.
482 and 494 visa – Differences in visa length
The 482 visa can be granted for a period of up to 4 years (for occupations that are on the MLTSSL) or 2 years (for occupations on the STSOL) while the 494 visa is a provisional visa that is granted for up to 5 years.
482 and 494 visa – Costs involved for employers
The 482 nomination attracts a fee of $330 while there is no nomination fee for the 494 visa.
The Skilling Australian Fund (SAF) levy payable by an employer varies depending on the turnover of the business in the most recent completed financial year and the proposed period of employment.
Sponsor turnover <$10M
482 $1200 per year
494 $3000 one-off
Sponsor turnover >$10M
482 $1800 per year
494 $5000 one off
482 and 494 visa – The process
Both visas operate in a similar way and both use the same ‘Standard Business Sponsorship’ to access the visa program. The two visas have distinct but similar Nomination and Visa requirements.
1. Standard Business Sponsorship relates to the sponsoring business
2. Both 482 Nomination and 494 Nomination relate to the position to be filled
3. Both Subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) visa and Subclass 494 Skilled Employer Sponsored Regional (Provisional) relate to the person to be employed.
Differences in process
As the 494 visa provides a more streamlined pathway to permanent residency, the requirements to obtain the visa are higher.
Requirement 482 and 494
- Occupation on relevant list
- Labour Market Testing – for 482 with certain exemptions, for 494 no applicable exemptions
- Market Salary Rates Yes (must be at least the Temporary Skilled Migration Income Threshold of $53,900)
- Genuine Position
- Regional Certifying Body advice required for 494
- Skill Qualification (Cert III / Dip / Bachelor)* Qualification + Skills Assessment**
- Experience Min 2 years’ full time post qualification for 482, 3 years’ full time post qualification for 494
- No age limit for 482, Applicant must be under 45 years old at time of application for 494
- English IELTS Minimum 5.0 in each band for 482, Competent English i.e. IELTS Minimum 6.0 in each band for 494
* A limited number of occupations require a Skills Assessment for 482
**Exemptions are available for academic applicants, subclass 444/461 visa holders or those who have had a previous skills assessment for a 457 or 482 visa for the same occupation
The 482 visa has less stringent conditions than the 494 visa which has additional conditions which the primary visa holder must abide with.
- Condition 8607: must only work in the visa holder’s nominated occupation and for the approved sponsor only. Must not cease employment for more than 60 days
- Condition 8501: maintain health insurance while in Australia.
- Condition 8608: must work only in the visa holder’s nominated occupation and for the approved sponsor only. Must not cease employment for more than 90 days
- Condition 8578: Visa holder must notify DHA of any changes in residential address, email address, phone number, passport details, address of employer, address of location where person is employed within 14 days after the change occurs.
- Condition 8579: must live, work and study in a designated regional area
- Condition 8580: must provide evidence of visa holder’s residential address, address of each employer, address of location where person is employed, address of education institution attended within 28 days if requested by Minister in writing
- Condition 8581: must attend an interview if requested by the Minister
The pros and cons of each visa
The 482 visa offers an easier pathway to permanent residency. However, depending on your personal circumstances, the 494 might be the more appropriate choice.
- Greater control over visa holders access to PR
- Ability to tailor the visa length based on anticipated pathway to Permanent Residency
- Lower threshold for entry (2 years’ experience)
- More expensive when considering PR stage
- Higher employer cost than 494 if selecting a longer duration
- Lower employer costs
- Lower employer cost when considering PR stage
- Automatic 5 year nomination period
- Broader range of occupations
- Higher threshold for entry (Positive Skills Assessment + 3 years’ experience)
- Higher English Threshold (IELTS 6.0 in each band)
- Higher visa cost
- Visa conditions are more stringent
The above information is not intended to be legal advice but merely offers a brief summary of the differences between the 482 and 494 visas.
If you would like to speak with an Immigration Specialist about your eligibility to apply for a 482 or 494 visa, please contact Visa Lounge at firstname.lastname@example.org