Australia Permanent Residency for Canada and USA citizens
This can be achieved through various visa options.
Before talking about the options of Australia Permanent Residency for Canada and USA citizens, it is important to know what other visa options an applicant from the United States of America or Canada may have compared to an applicant from another country.
When it comes to permanent visa options, it is important to realize that there aren’t any distinct visa subclass options that exist solely for the United States or Canada citizens to help them achieve Australia Permanent Residency for Canada and USA citizens.
But the options that exist to assist in getting on the pathway to Australia Permanent Residency for Canada and the USA citizens through some temporary visa options certainly do.
Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) subclass 601
The first of these is the temporary visitor visa, the Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) subclass 601. This visa exists only to a select few nations, including Canada and the United States of America.
It allows for an applicant to be able to enter and leave Australia freely for a period of twelve months and allows the applicant to remain in Australia for a period of three months. T
his visa doesn’t come with work rights, it is temporary and some visa holders use the time spent on this visa in Australia to look for more permanent options to live and work in Australia.
In addition to this, while a visa holder is not allowed to work on this subclass it does allow to conduct business visitor activities if it is a Business type ETA.
A business visitor activity includes negotiation of business contracts, or even investigating employment opportunities that an applicant may be able to possibly undertake.
This can include seeking for a business sponsor for a skilled work visa, making sure that the application is lodged before the current subclass 601 has expired.
Subclass 417 Working Holiday Visa
Secondly, there exists the subclass 417 Working Holiday Visa which is available to holders of a Canadian passport. This visa is subject to an age limit and enables an applicant to remain in Australia for a period of twelve months. However, it also has a secondary effect of enabling an applicant to find gainful employment while they are in Australia. Read our article about transferring from a 417 visa to a 482 visa here.
An important condition exists that means that an applicant is unable to work for the same employer for more than six months unless concessions apply (such as the current concessions for working holiday makers whitch still apply until 30 June 2023).
Subclass 462 Work and Holiday Visa
For applicants that are from the United States of America, there is a variant of the subclass 417 visa that they are able to access. This is called the subclass 462 Work and Holiday Visa. This subclass of holiday visa differs in what passport holders are allowed to apply for it, among which those from the United States are eligible to apply for.
It is otherwise similar to the subclass 417, offering an applicant twelve months within Australia and enabling them to work for an employer for a period of six month. This visa is also subject to an age limit.
The above visa subclassess are temporary visas whitch allow the visa holders to travel to Australia, learn more about the country and decide whether or not they want to stay.
If they want to stay longer or permanently, they have enough time on these temporary visas to look into options to apply for Australia permanent residency for Canada and USA citizens.
These pathways are important to remain aware of as they allow for Canada or USA nationals to make use of many of the visa options that are most regularly utilized by applicants for Australia permanent residency pathways. By using these pathways, the Australia permanent residency for Canada and USA citizens can become a reality.
This is because recently, in October 2022, Ministerial Direction 100 was put into effect. This direction emphasizes more skilled migration applicants for Australia and has been aimed with streamlining the process to further allow for more applicants to be put into priority positions.
Whilst the direction does prioritize Health and Education occupations, it also is made for aiding the growth of anyone that has a business sponsor to help grow businesses within Australia.
As applicants from the United States of America and Canada both easily qualify for many of the language requirements that are in place for permanent residency pathways within skilled and employer sponsored visa options this does mean that there is a greater demand from applicants from these locations to apply for these visa types.
Skilled Work Visa 189, 190 Permanent Migration
The legislation places emphasis on skilled visa subclasses, including the subclass 189 Skilled independent Visa, which has a direct pathway to Australia Permanent Residency; there has been a greater demand by the Australian government for more skilled individuals to be able to fill in key gaps in the market.
The subclass 190 Skilled Nominated Visa is another good option under this umbrella that is also covered under the skilled migration program. Unlike the Skilled Independent variant, however, this visa subclass is more reliant on state nomination.
Requirements vary depending on the state. The applicant is reliant on an Australian state or territory to accept the applicant’s expression of interest as someone that they wish to nominate. However, in getting accepted for the subclass 190 there is a direct pathway to Permanent residency upon completion.
482 Temporary Skill Shortage TSS Visa & 494 Employer Sponsored Regional Visa
However, there is a more well-regarded pathway to permanent residency that exists and also is highlighted as a specified visa subclass under the ministerial direction 100 for streamlined processing. This is to go the route of applying for a nominated occupation that is offered under the TSS 482 visa program and the subclass 482 Temporary Skill Shortage TSS Visa.
Generally speaking, in order to be eligible for Australia Permanent residency for Canada and USA citizens under an employer sponsored program, the applicants must apply for a 482 nominated occupation that is available on the Medium and Long Term Skill Shortage List.
After they are approved for a sponsored work visa, the applicant must successfully meet the other conditions necessary to be eligible for the PR visa subclass.
Another option would be the subclass 494 employer sponsored regional visa with pathway to Australia permanent residency, through the subclass 191 visa Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional).
Once an applicant has been on a subclass 482 for a period of three years, they will be eligible for applying for a subclass 186 Employer Nomination scheme Visa.
This Visa requires that an applicant have a sponsor, or in other circumstances a labour agreement, to enable them to be able to stay within Australia. Additionally, the applicant must also meet the necessary language requirement and work in a specified occupation that is apart of the eligible occupation list.
These options represent the most common pathways to Australia Permanent Residency for Canada and USA citizens and not only, but there also do exist options for those that are willing to work in more regional locations. There has been greater calls for workers to fill shortages within more rural areas around Australia.
Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) Subclass 491 Visa
In addition to the subclass 494 SESR visa, they also has the option of the Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) subclass 491. This subclass in particular presents a pathway that enables an applicant to seek permanent residence, through the subclass 191 visa Permanent Residence (Skilled Regional).
This pathway is available to an applicant that has lived and worked in a designated regional area for a period of three years.
This is not a visa pathway subject to a succesful employer sponsorship or invitation to apply for a skilled visa from the Australian government. A Canadian or USA citizen who is in a genuine and ongoing relationship with an Australian citizen, permanent resident or NZ Eligible Citizen may apply for an Australian Partner Visa inside Australia or from outside Australia.
If you are a Canadian citizen or a citizen of the United States of America and you wish to permanently settle within Australia, please contact VISA LOUNGE AUSTRALIA through our web immigration questionnaire.